Calico 1. Plain, closely woven lightweight printed cloth of East origin (Calcutta). 2.In England, a plain woven bleached cotton fabric heavier than muslin. Until the end of the seventeenth century all cotton goods were called calicos.
Carded Yarn Cotton yarn in which fibers are separated and aligned in a thin web, then condensed into a continuous, untwisted strand called a sliver. Carding removes most of the impurities of the fiber. Cheaper cottons are simply carded. More expensive ones go through an additional cleaning and combing process called combing.
Cashmere Fine downy undercoat hair of the cashmere goat from Tibet, the Kashmir province north of India, Iran, and southwest China. Hair is cylindrical, soft, strong, and silken-like. True cashmere is brownish in shade and from 1 1/4 to 3 1/2 inches in staple length.
Cationic Cationic dyeable fiber is the newest tool in the fashion designer's kit. It's a dye technique that allows certain fibers (like nylon, or polyester) to take deep and brilliant colors. When cationic fiber is fixed with conventional fiber, various multicolors and cross -dye effects can be achieved from a single dye bath.
Challis Various soft, supple, very lightweight, plain weave fabrics, often printed in small floral, Persian, or cravat effects. Originated from Indian term " shallee" meaning "soft".
Chenille Fabric A fabric woven with chenille yarns which have a pile effect similar to velvet, and when woven through various warps can create a pile-like velvet, or, if woven on a jacquard loom, can look similar to a cut velvet.
Chevron Broken twill or herringbone weave giving a chevron effect, creating a design of wide "V's" across the width of the fabric. See "Herringbone".
Chintz A plain tightly woven cotton fabric with the fine yarns and processed with a glazed finish. Used as a plain dyed fabric or a printed fabric. The term is sometimes used for unglazed fine count cottons.
Converter Company who issues instructions to dyers and finishers to process their own greige goods into finished goods.
Converting The processes by which greige goods are made into finished salable goods.
Corduroy A pile fabric with the pile usually cut into ridges. The fabric was developed in France and for years was a specialty of royalty, thus its name which means cord of the king.
Crewel Chainstitch embroidery made with a fine, loosely twisted, two-ply worsted yarn on a plain weave fabric. Done by hand, for the most part, in the Kashmir Province of India and in England.
Crocking Rubbing off of color from woven or printed fabrics.