Barathea A rib weave done in a minute brick fashion giving a pebbly appearance.
Batik A method originated in Java of resist dyeing which employs wax as the resist. The pattern is covered with wax, and the fabric is then dyed, producing a white design on a dyed ground. The wax patterns will not take the dye, and the wax is removed after dyeing. The process is repeated to obtain multicolored designs. The effect is sometimes imitated in machine prints.
Blend The combination of two or more types of staple fabrics and/or colors in one yarn. Blends are sometimes so intimate that it is difficult to distinguish component fabrics in yarn or fabric. A highly sophisticated textile art, blending today is creating new fabric types, performance characteristics, and dyeing and finishing effects.
Block Printing The printing of fabrics by hand using a design applied by means of a carved wooden block or linoleum faced wood block. A slower process than roller printing or screen printing.
Boucle Plain weave using plied or uneven yarns with loop surface, giving a rough appearance to the face of the cloth.
Bourette A twill or plain weave originated in France. The yarns are interspersed with nubs, giving the material a dull nubbed surface effect.
Brocade Multicolored jacquard woven fabric with floral or figured pattern emphasized by contrasting colors. The background may be either satin or twill weave.
Brocatelle A tightly woven jacquard fabric with a warp effect in the figure which is raised to give a puffed appearance. The puff effect is created by several kinds of fillings; tension weaving of a linen; or nylon which shrinks after a heat process.
Broche A fabric decorated with special threads introduced usually in the filling which are not necessarily part of the face fabric. Generally these yarns are clipped on the reverse side and appear only where the motif is present.